University of Michigan

1100 Baits Drive

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2085



Colleen Conway <>

Robert Culver <>

Herbert Marshall <>

Betty Anne Younker <


The purpose of this paper is twofold: (1) to address how potential music educators within a School of Music located in the midwest of the United States are identified, and (2) to address the issue of appropriate musicianship and skill level on an instrument or voice for various degree programs. For this proposed paper, we examined the following degree programs: (a) performance with certification, and (b) masters in music education with certification. Data were collected via examination of relevant documents and semi-structured interviews. Information from the documents was analyzed around issues that are associated with both degree programs: (1) entrance requirements, (2) funding, (3) curricular design, and (4) time to degree completion. Verbal responses from performance faculty, specifically the chairs from the Strings, Winds, and Voice departments, were elicited from questions organized around the following areas: (1) the challenges of balancing performance and music education expectations, (2) the expectations at auditions and throughout the degree in terms of skills and musicianship, (3) the expectations in terms of repertoire across performance with certification and music education degrees, and (4) other thoughts as expressed throughout the interviews. Included in the paper is a curricular model for both programs outlining further challenges.